COVID-19 studies for: C19 studies:  HC QHC Q IvermectinIVM Vitamin DVitamin D ZincZn REGN-COV2REGN LY-CoVLY RemdesivirRMD
Countries based on current HC
Q/C
Q usage
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Current use of HC
Q/CQ for COVID-19 around the world. Note that usage has changed over time and this map is for current use. HC
Q-like prophylaxis refers to countries where virtually all arriving travelers take HC
Q-like medication for malaria prophylaxis. The references below include references to both historical and current usage.
Country Usage References
Albania - currently limited or no use
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Algeria - currently used
The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6.
The East African, https://www.theeastafrican.co..902-5564930-duphp6/index.html, Algeria backs use of malaria drug despite WHO dropping trials, 5/27.
Al-bab, https://al-bab.com/blog/2020/..-chloroquine-despite-concerns, Covid-19: Algeria and Morocco continue using chloroquine despite concerns, 5/28.
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Gummi Bear, https://twitter.com/gummibear737/status/1256676533638479872, Adopted early April, 5/2.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1258469706442444804, Algeria's Health Minister praises HCQ used since the end of March, 5/7.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l'hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
Argentina - mixed use currently
American RN, https://twitter.com/rn_american/status/1272812657142349826, Health care workers can use prophylactically, 6/16.
Magdalena Bonta, https://twitter.com/Magdabonta/status/1261148621682233344, Government is using HCQ, 5/14.
Menoyo11, https://twitter.com/Menoyo11/status/1272184554283954177, Only used in severe cases, 6/14.
Rober Garcia, https://twitter.com/xolotl38/status/1272755077506359296, Not used in Argentina, 6/15.
Armenia - current status unknown
Armen Press, https://armenpress.am/eng/news/1016606.html, Most COVID-19 patients in Armenia “show positive dynamics” from hydroxychloroquine – ministry, It is not administered in asymptomatic or mild cases. “hydroxychloroquine is used only in a hospital setting, if there are no contraindications”., 5/27.
Australia - currently limited or no use
Bahrain - currently used
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1260588201179144193, Adopted as standard treatment very early, 5/13.
Al Arabia, https://english.alarabiya.net..oroquine-to-treat-coronavirus, Bahrain among first countries to use Hydroxychloroquine to treat coronavirus, Used since the first case, 3/26.
GulfInsider, https://www.gulf-insider.com/..-medication-proved-effective/, Coronavirus: Bahrain’s Therapeutic Medication Proved Effective, Effectiveness of HCQ confirmed, 5/25.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, use not suspended post WHO/Lancet, 6/1.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Bangladesh - currently used
The Economic Times, https://economictimes.indiati..desh/articleshow/75075658.cms, India to supply hydroxychloroquine to Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, 4/10.
Belarus - currently used
Belarus Ministry of Health, https://twitter.com/NNeanderM..al/status/1269683561147305985, Use of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in Belarus, 6/7.
Jared Young, https://twitter.com/jtyoung18/status/1258279092010586113, In inpatient and outpatient protocols, 5/6.
BelTA, https://eng.belta.by/society/..vid-19-treatment-130102-2020/, Belarus to receive potential effective drug for COVID-19 treatment, 4/29.
BelTA, https://eng.belta.by/society/..ide-of-hospitals-130777-2020/, Belarus suspends use of chloroquine for COVID-19 outside of hospitals, 6/2.
Belgium - currently limited or no use
CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/world..9-over-safety-fears-1.5586220, France, Italy, Belgium act to stop use of hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 over safety fears, 5/27.
Sciensano, https://www.famhp.be/en/news/..couraged_and_new_benefit_risk, Coronavirus: hydroxychloroquine: off-label use strongly discouraged and new benefit-risk assessment for clinical trials, COVID-19 treatment recommendations from Sciensano, the national public health institute of Belgium, 8/6.
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..fety-fears-grow-idUSKBN2340A6, EU governments ban malaria drug for COVID-19, trial paused as safety fears grow, 5/27.
Charbax, https://twitter.com/Charbax/status/1273906985856090113, Restricted for use on very sick hospitalized patients in Belgium, not available broadly for outpatients treatment, 6/19.
Benin - currently used
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1304748747541417984, Benin chose OTC HCQ, 9/12.
Bolivia - mixed use currently
Bosnia and Herzegovina - currently limited or no use
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Brazil - mixed use currently
Brazilian Society of Pulmonology and Tisiology, https://sbpt.org.br/portal/t/cloroquina/, Declaração da SBPT sobre o tratamento da COVID-19, recommending against using CQ/HCQ, 7/22.
Filipe Rafaeli, https://medium.com/@filiperaf..nt-human-history-2685487ad717, Hydroxychloroquine: the narrative that it doesn’t work is the biggest hoax in recent human history, almost unanimity of Brazilian scientists are against the application of these drugs and repeat that “there is no scientific evidence” of the functioning, 7/23.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1273878906785972224, Clinical outcomes improve after adoption of HCQ starts, 6/19.
CNN, https://www.cnnbrasil.com.br/..-para-casos-leves-de-covid-19, Government changes protocol and authorizes hydroxychloroquine for mild cases of Covid-19, 5/20.
Último Segundo, https://ultimosegundo.ig.com...tao-zerados-diz-pazuello.html, Estoques de hidroxicloroquina no país estão zerados, diz Pazuello, government has run out of HCQ. Distribution data indicates only a small portion of cases receive HCQ, 8/13.
The Verge, https://www.theverge.com/2020..navirus-jair-bolsonaro-maduro, Twitter removes tweets by Brazil, Venezuela presidents for violating COVID-19 content rules, 3/30.
Agência Brasil, https://agenciabrasil.ebc.com..dicoes-para-uso-da-cloroquina, CFM estabelece critérios e condições para uso da cloroquina, there is no "solid evidence" to confirm the effect of CQ and HCQ, 4/23.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1279445536685383680, One by one municipalities are adopting HCQ, 7/4.
Diário de Uberlândia, https://diariodeuberlandia.co..tada-a-pacientes-com-covid-19, Farmacêuticos não podem negar venda de cloroquina receitada a pacientes com Covid-19, high degree of controversy in Brazil, 7/3.
Bulgaria - current status unknown
Radio Bulgaria, https://bnr.bg/en/post/101254..icines-for-covid-19-treatment, Bulgaria starts production of medicines for COVID-19 treatment, hospital treatment only, not authorized in pharmacies, 4/7.
Burkina Faso - currently used
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l'hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
LifeSiteNews, https://www.lifesitenews.com/..loss-of-life-from-covid-virus, Doctors insist this cheap, safe drug is “key to preventing huge loss of life” from Wuhan virus, widely used, 6/5.
The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15.
Cambodia - current status unknown
Cameroon - currently used
France 24, https://www.france24.com/en/2..expert-becomes-state-protocol, Covid-19: In Cameroon, chloroquine therapy hailed by French expert becomes state protocol, 5/3.
Voice of America, https://www.voanews.com/scien..-scale-chloroquine-production, Cameroon Begins Large-scale Chloroquine Production, 4/13.
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
France 24, https://www.france24.com/fr/2..%A9e-en-protocole-d-%C3%A9tat, Covid-19 : au Cameroun, la méthode Raoult érigée en protocole d'État, adopted the Raoult protocol, 5/2.
Canada - currently limited or no use
Maclean’s, https://www.macleans.ca/socie..e-rise-of-hydroxychloroquine/, The incalculable rise of hydroxychloroquine, Health Canada has not permitted physicians to administer HCQ for COVID, 5/21.
CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/healt..-experimental-drugs-1.5511244, Doctors face sanctions for prescribing unproven COVID-19 drugs to friends and family, regulators warn, except when there is a clinical trial, the statement instructs both doctors and pharmacists not to provide the drugs as a treatment for COVID-19, 3/27.
Acadie Nouvelle, https://www.acadienouvelle.co..e-la-covid-19-deploye-au-n-b/, EXCLUSIF: un traitement expérimental contre la COVID-19 déployé au N.-B., New Brunswick adopts HCQ, 4/2.
Acadie Nouvelle, https://www.acadienouvelle.co..-experimental-de-la-covid-19/, Le Nouveau-Brunswick fait marche arrière sur le traitement expérimental de la COVID-19, Health Canada ended New Brunswick's use of HCQ on 4/17, 5/10.
CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/canad..ur-gill-tweets-cpso-1.5680122, Ontario doctor subject of complaints after COVID-19 tweets, HCQ has been shown to be ineffective. Medical bodies such as the Canadian Pediatric Society say HCQ has no significant benefit in fighting COVID-19. Health Canada has not authorized HCQ to treat or cure COVID-19. It says HCQ can have serious side effects, 8/10.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1256869896014704640, New Brunswick broke ranks with Canada adopting HCQ, 5/3.
ChloroquineGorilla, https://twitter.com/Prolongin..id/status/1277927519203635205, Quebec has some of the harshest anti-HCQ rules in the world, 6/30.
Cape Verde - currently limited or no use
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Chad - currently used
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l'hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
Chile - currently limited or no use
Cristian Navarro Merino, https://twitter.com/cnnavarro1/status/1272207814749020160, Stopping because of WHO/Lancet, 6/14.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1265400801507315712, Chile stops HCQ, 5/26.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Veronica Riveros, https://twitter.com/veronicar..oc/status/1270558291714867200, People fear HCQ, 6/9.
China - currently used
Archyde, https://www.archyde.com/china..chloroquine-against-covid-19/, China approves chloroquine (instead of hydroxychloroquine) against covid-19, 8/21.
Government of China, http://www.nhc.gov.cn/yzygj/s..d4b46e5bd28ca7f9a7f5e5a.shtml, 关于印发新型冠状病毒肺炎诊疗方案(试行第八版)的通知, notice of new treatment guidelines with CQ continuing to be recommended, 8/18.
American RN, https://twitter.com/rn_american/status/1272812657142349826, Prohpylactic use, 6/16.
Colombia - currently limited or no use
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Costa Rica - currently used
The Tico Times, https://ticotimes.net/2020/06..nue-partnership-with-coursera, News briefs: Reopening plans on-track, hydroxychloroquine use to continue, partnership with Coursera, HCQ use continuing after FDA revoked EUA, 6/15.
Q Costa Rica, https://qcostarica.com/hydrox..ccessfully-to-fight-covid-19/, Hydroxychloroquine: The Drug Costa Rica Uses Successfully To Fight Covid-19, 4/19.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1264837406802444288, First and only Central American country to immediately adopt, 5/25.
J David, https://twitter.com/badlandj/status/1267509994368503814, Costa Rica refuses WHO recommendation to stop using HCQ, 6/1.
Cuba - currently used
Pleno.News, https://pleno.news/saude/coro..id-com-hidroxicloroquina.html, Cuba stands out in combating Covid with hydroxychloroquine, using low doses of HCQ to treat Covid-19 at an early stage, 7/12.
Anadolu Agency, https://www.aa.com.tr/en/amer..tent-against-covid-19/1905650, Cuba: Early hydroxychloroquine potent against COVID-19, "We are aware of the polemics around this product. Physicians here mostly have a good opinion of the results it has achieved, provided that it is used at an early stage in low doses and only with patients without comorbidities, which could be complicated by hydroxychloroquine", 7/10.
Czech Republic - currently used
Expats.cz, https://news.expats.cz/weekly..-hospitals-to-treat-covid-19/, Czech Health Ministry permits temporary use of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19, temporary permit for 8 months, 4/7.
Ministerstva Zdravotnictví, https://www.mzcr.cz/rozhodnut..ychloroquine-sulfate-tablets/, Rozhodnutí o dočasném povolení neregistrovaného humánního léčivého přípravku HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, authorization of HCQ, 4/30.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1257696987576557568, Support for HCQ in early March, 5/4.
Côte d'Ivoire - HCQ-like prophylaxis in arriving travelers
Prof. Jean-Jacques Muyembe, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mVA0WbBkVcs, Épidémiologie et thérapeutique en Afrique RDC - Pr. Jean-Jacques Muyembe, HCQ used for all positive cases, 10/14.
Denmark - currently limited or no use
Djibouti - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Global Times, https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1189839.shtml, Chinese medical expert decorated by Djibouti for COVID-19 prevention, 5/28.
Face 2 Face Africa, https://face2faceafrica.com/a..spite-big-covid-19-recoveries, Djibouti, others warned about chloroquine despite big COVID-19 recoveries, 5/23.
VOA, https://www.voanews.com/covid..ce=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter, Djibouti is Treating All COVID Patients with Chloroquine, But Scientists Urge Caution, 5/21.
Dominican Republic - currently used
PrensaLibre, https://www.thestartmagazine...e-1eea-82f8-7d5e-36a3fd8c50fa, La hidroxicloroquina ha dado buenos resultados en República Dominicana, used early for prophylaxis and early outpatient treatment, 5/28.
Ecuador - currently limited or no use
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1266059263752970241, Ecuador confirms its anti-hydroxychloroquine stance post WHO's decision, 5/27.
IDL - Reporteros, https://www.idl-reporteros.pe..guayaquil-vencio-al-covid-19/, Del desastre a la victoria:cómo Guayaquil venció al Covid-19, used in Guayaquil, 6/9.
Egypt - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Beegsonews, https://www.beegsonews.com/eg..mp/?__twitter_impression=true, Egypt reveals results of “hydroxychloroquine” with people with corona, 6/7.
Egypt Today, https://www.egypttoday.com/Ar..ng-COVID-19-patients-Minister, Egypt uses chloroquine in treating COVID-19 patients: Minister, 3/28.
wsheap, https://twitter.com/wsheap/status/1270431986759467009, No pharmacy has it in Egypt for 3 months, 6/9.
Egypt Daily News, https://wwww.dailynewssegypt...vid-19-cases-health-ministry/, Egypt still uses HCQ for treating some Covid-19 cases: Health Ministry, still using but only for some patients and possibly focused on hospitalized patients, 5/30.
Mada, https://madamasr.com/en/2020/..elves-run-out-of-vital-drugs/, As COVID-19 panic builds, pharmacy shelves run out of vital drugs, 4/14.
Saudi 24 News, https://m.saudi24.news/2020/0..-with-people-with-corona.html, Egypt reveals results of “hydroxychloroquine” with people with corona, 6/7.
El Salvador - mixed use currently
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
Secretaría de Prensa de la Presidencia, https://twitter.com/SecPrensaSV/status/1252367780407435264, Shipment of more than 2 million HCQ tablets received, 4/20.
Ethiopia - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Finland - current status unknown
Fierce Pharma, https://www.fiercepharma.com/..nd-tightens-production-report, Amneal faces hydroxychloroquine API shortage after Finland tightens production: report, Finland chose to prioritize domestic consumption of HCQ, 4/13.
France - currently limited or no use
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..fety-fears-grow-idUSKBN2340A6, EU governments ban malaria drug for COVID-19, trial paused as safety fears grow, banned May 27, previously generally only in hospitals, 5/27.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, HCQ prohibited outside hospitals, 7/6.
CBS News, https://www.cbsnews.com/news/..NM-00-10aab7e&linkId=89534081, France bans use of hydroxychloroquine, drug touted by Trump, in coronavirus patients, 5/27.
The New York Times, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/...html?searchResultPosition=17, France Bans Malaria Drug for Coronavirus Treatments, 5/27.
Gabon - currently used
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Georgia - currently used
Georgia Government, https://www.moh.gov.ge/upload..koli_covid-19_-24.03.2020.pdf, ახალი კორონავირუსით (SARS-CoV-2) გამოწვეული ინფექციის (COVID-19) კლინიკური მართვა, 3/24.
Germany - mixed use currently
Andreas Backhaus, https://twitter.com/AndreasSh..ed/status/1295790850790895621, Off-label prescriptions were banned between early April and early July, 8/18.
Mediapart, https://blogs.mediapart.fr/br..t-utilise-lhydroxychloroquine, L'Allemagne a massivement utilisé l'hydroxychloroquine!, Germany has massively used HCQ, 10/21.
Col Pavan Nair, https://twitter.com/pavannair/status/1289884254365655043, Used early in the outbreak, 8/2.
RP Online, https://rp-online.de/wirtscha..d-malaria-mittel_aid-50034873, Bayer spendet acht Millionen Chloroquin-Tabletten, donation of 8 million CQ tablets, 4/14.
DAZ.online, https://www.deutsche-apotheke..dnungen-von-hydroxychloroquin, BfArM: Keine ambulanten Off-Label-Verordnungen von Hydroxychloroquin, 6/4.
pressenza, https://www.pressenza.com/fr/..-voie-du-movimento-ippocrate/, Vaincre la peur : la voie du “Movimento Ippocrate”, "in Germany, the extensive use of HCQ, AZ, and a large amount of hyperimmune plasma has kept the death rate below 3%. But in great silence, as the Germans know how to do", 7/10.
Andreas Backhaus, https://twitter.com/AndreasSh..ed/status/1295752761095618569, Federal institute for disease control and prevention advises against the use of HCQ, 8/18.
Munchensenton, https://twitter.com/Munchensenton/status/1286659832741867520, Started using early, 7/24.
Christopher Kidwell, https://twitter.com/Lerianis1/status/1288039709218922496, Early treatment used, 7/28.
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..ovid-19-spiegel-idUSKBN2343AL, Germany pauses anti-malaria drug study for COVID-19: Spiegel, two week pause in trial, 5/28.
Ghana - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
AfricaFeeds, https://africafeeds.com/2020/..e-to-treat-covid-19-patients/, Kenya approve the use of Chloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients, 4/1.
Pan African Medical Journal, https://www.panafrican-med-jo..m/content/series/37/1/9/full/, Clinical characteristics, treatment regimen and duration of hospitalization among COVID-19 patients in Ghana: a retrospective cohort study, research paper noting that the results support the Ghana standard treatment guidelines that if not contraindicated, HCQ or CQ should be used alone or in combination with AZ, 9/15.
The Guardian, https://guardian.ng/news/nige..id-19-prevention-says-nafdac/, Chloroquine potent for COVID-19 prevention, says NAFDAC, 8/26.
Greece - currently used
Medical Xpress, https://medicalxpress.com/new..versy-greece-chloroquine.html, Amid global controversy, Greece moves forward with chloroquine, greek epidemiologists consider chloroquine effective, especially in the early stages of COVID-19, 6/10.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..-with-chloroquine-01591781707, Amid Global Controversy, Greece Moves Forward With Chloroquine, the ongoing debate over the drugs has had little impact in Greece, where epidemiologists consider chloroquine effective, especially in the early stages of COVID-19, 6/10.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6.
Guatemala - currently limited or no use
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1304320519899164672, Guatemala is anti-HCQ, 9/11.
Guinea - currently used
Mosaique Guinee, https://mosaiqueguinee.com/tr..vec-lhydroxychloroquine-anss/, Traitement des malades de covid19 en Guinée: « nous continuons avec l’hydroxychloroquine » (ANSS), ignoring WHO recommendation, 5/25.
Honduras - currently used
LaPrensa, https://www.laprensa.hn/hondu..ho-coronavirus-honduras-salud, Para compartir esta nota utiliza los íconos que aparecen en el sitio, protocol including HCQ credited for saving 5,000 lives, 9/12.
Ana McCarthy, https://twitter.com/MsAnaMcCarthy/status/1266043132115902465, Honduras ends WHO protocol, adopting HCQ, 5/28.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1264863561505017857, Adopted 5-6 weeks after Costa Rica, 5/25.
Hungary - mixed use currently
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, not using HCQ "for newly diagnosed patients" but continues to do so "for patients who already started taking it", according to a government spokesperson, 6/1.
Iceland - currently limited or no use
Reykjavik Grapevine, https://grapevine.is/news/202..arial-drug-to-fight-covid-19/, Iceland Expects Huge Shipment Of Anti-Malarial Drug To Fight COVID-19, 3/31.
Reykjavik Grapevine, https://grapevine.is/news/202..ted-after-less-than-200-uses/, Hydroxychloroquine COVID-19 Treatment Halted After Less Than 200 Uses, 5/27.
Gaute Adler Nilsen, https://twitter.com/GauteNilsen/status/1265054391884791808, Started in early April, 5/25.
India - currently used
Rathi et al. Lancet Infect. Dis. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30313-3, https://www.thelancet.com/jou..1473-3099(20)30313-3/fulltext, Hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis for COVID-19 contacts in India, ICMR recommends chemoprophylaxis with HCQ for asymptomatic health-care workers and asymptomatic household contacts of confirmed cases, 4/17.
Atikh Rashid, https://indianexpress.com/art..te/?__twitter_impression=true, Maharashtra expands use of hydroxychloroquine as preventive measure, 4/23.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, https://twitter.com/Billtheicon/status/1262508966321496066, Advised all front line health care workers to take HCQ prophylactically, 3/28.
Oneindia, https://www.oneindia.com/indi..-health-ministry-3111048.html, No COVID-19 death in Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim so far: Govt, HCQ widely distributed, 6/26.
Dr. Goldin, https://www.facebook.com/grou..e/permalink/2367454293560817/, Summary of HCQ usage in India from an MD in India, everyone diagnosed with COVID-19 gets HCQ, it is the standard of care country-wide. The only problem is some patients come very late, deaths are from those who wait too long before seeking medical help. Everyone at high risk, including policemen, firemen, healthcare workers, and nursing home patients, take HCQ, all contacts of positive cases also get HCQ prophylaxis. HCQ is OTC in India, so everyone else is also welcome to use it, 8/21.
AFP, https://www.msn.com/en-ph/new..evention/ar-BB14EloP?ocid=st2, India backs hydroxychloroquine for virus prevention, 5/27.
AAPS, https://aapsonline.org/hcq-90-percent-chance/, Hydroxychloroquine Has about 90 Percent Chance of Helping COVID-19 Patients, many nations, including Turkey and India, are protecting medical workers and contacts of infected persons prophylactically, 4/28.
The Indian Express, https://indianexpress.com/art..s-as-analysis-begins-6486049/, Vadodara administration drive: HCQ helping in containing Covid-19 cases, say docs as analysis begins, used prophylactically in Vadora with positive results, 7/2.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, used as preventative measure, 6/1.
Government of India, https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/..edHomeIsolationGuidelines.pdf, The caregiver and all close contacts of such cases should take HCQ prophylaxis, 7/2.
The Australian, https://www.theaustralian.com..56d1371697fe69e4fcc39d7f1f97c, India and Indonesia stand by antimalarials, 5/29.
Indonesia - currently used
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..o-stop-using-it-idUSKBN23227L, Exclusive: Indonesia, major advocate of hydroxychloroquine, told by WHO to stop using it, Indonesia told doctors to use HCQ to treat all COVID-19 patients with symptoms from mild to severe, 5/26.
The Australian, https://www.theaustralian.com..56d1371697fe69e4fcc39d7f1f97c, India and Indonesia stand by antimalarials, 5/29.
Sag Leyos, https://twitter.com/sagleyos/status/1274992969549037569, Treatment given early, do not need to wait for test results, 6/22.
Iran - mixed use currently
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, social media posts suggest some use, 6/1.
Ireland - currently limited or no use
Robert Nugent, https://twitter.com/RobertANu..t1/status/1268877953825419264, Nobody treated early with HCQ in Italy, 6/5.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1255194379255504897, Ireland waits for clinical trials, 4/28.
Israel - currently used
The Times of Israel, https://www.timesofisrael.com..fit-in-virus-treatment-study/, Malaria drug stockpiled by Israel shows no benefit in virus treatment — study, no official guidance but doctors can prescribe, 4/22.
Anatoly Lubarsky, https://twitter.com/anatoly/status/1295791524131766273, Prescriptions of HCQ off-label was banned in late March, 8/18.
Judy Breton, https://twitter.com/JudyBreton/status/1293768018087104513, Israeli Ministry of Health has forbidden doctors from writing scripts for HCQ for COVID-19, 8/12.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1256949969036214275, Received 2 million doses from Teva mid April, 5/3.
Haaretz, https://www.haaretz.com/israe..o-treat-coronavirus-1.8712940, Israel Preparing to Use Unapproved Medication to Treat Coronavirus, preparing to use HCQ, 3/26.
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, greater access to HCQ, 7/22.
Xinhua, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-04/09/c_138961933.htm, Israel brings anti-malarial drug from India to fight COVID-19, 4/9.
Italy - currently limited or no use
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..fety-fears-grow-idUSKBN2340A6, EU governments ban malaria drug for COVID-19, trial paused as safety fears grow, banned May 27, 5/27.
Talking Points Memo, https://talkingpointsmemo.com..the-use-of-hydroxychloroquine, Italian Pharmacological Agency Warns Against The Use Of Hydroxychloroquine, 5/22.
Trustnodes, https://www.trustnodes.com/20..tment-with-hydroxychloroquine, Italy Finally Starts Mass Treatment with Hydroxychloroquine, early treatment starts in some areas, 3/29.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned except clinical trials, 6/1.
CBC, https://www.cbc.ca/news/world..9-over-safety-fears-1.5586220, France, Italy, Belgium act to stop use of hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 over safety fears, 5/27.
Japan - mixed use currently
Ian56, https://twitter.com/Ian56789/status/1272844272769867777, Reported widespread HCQ here, 6/16.
Aki Aegean, https://twitter.com/SoleMioMG..66/status/1274566112156549120, Positive research on usage published 5/8, 6/20.
Jordan - current status unknown
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Aljazeera, https://www.aljazeera.com/new..covid-19-200322154727230.html, Jordan authorises use of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19, hospital use, banned in pharmacies, 3/22.
Kazakhstan - currently used
Tengrinews, https://tengrinews.kz/news/ef..sivira-lechenii-covid-401386/, Об эффективности гидроксихлорохина и ремдесивира в лечении COVID-19 высказались в МЗ, 3/6.
Kazinform, https://www.inform.kz/en/why-..at-covid-19-patients_a3664897, Why Kazakhstan continues to use hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients, continues to use HCQ, 6/23.
Kenya - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
AfricaFeeds, https://africafeeds.com/2020/..e-to-treat-covid-19-patients/, Kenya approve the use of Chloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients, 4/1.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Daily Nation, https://www.nation.co.ke/keny..malaria-drug-lifesaver-733442, In Kenya, contentious malaria drug is seen as a lifesaver, 6/20.
Luxembourg - currently used
RTL Today, https://today.rtl.lu/news/luxembourg/a/1553869.html, Which drugs are used to treat coronavirus patients at CHL hospitals?, "the beneficial use of HCQ has been debunked ... Dr Staub emphasised that CHL did no longer use any of the above mentioned drugs", 7/23.
Conseil Supérieur Des Maladies Infectieuses, https://sante.public.lu/fr/es..9-strategie-therapeutique.pdf, Recommandations du Conseil Supérier des Maladies Infectieuses, HCQ for early treatment, 4/2.
Malaysia - currently limited or no use
Reuters, https://www.reuters.com/artic..-fight-covid-19-idUSKCN21X0YQ, Exclusive: India agrees to sell hydroxychloroquine to Malaysia to help fight COVID-19, Malaysia has been using hydroxychloroquine for mild to severe COVID-19 cases along with other drugs, according to its treatment protocol seen by Reuters, 4/15.
CNA, https://www.channelnewsasia.c..till-using-treatment-12771770, Malaysia still using hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19 patients; health ministry monitoring side effects, did not halt based on WHO recommendation, 5/26.
CodeBlue, https://codeblue.galencentre...e-can-slow-covid-19-progress/, Malaysia Finds Hydroxychloroquine Can Slow Covid-19 Progress, 6/9.
Malay Mail, https://www.malaymail.com/new..st-wave-says-health-d/1851457, ‘Chloroquine’ used to treat Covid-19 patients since first wave, says Health D-G, 3/29.
CodeBlue, https://codeblue.galencentre...uine-from-covid-19-treatment/, Malaysia Drops Hydroxychloroquine From Covid-19 Treatment, stopped using based on study with stage 2/3 patients, not clear if stopped for early use, 6/22.
New Straits Times, https://www.nst.com.my/news/n..e-hydroxychloroquine-covid-19, Dr Noor Hisham: Malaysia drops use of hydroxychloroquine for Covid-19, 6/22.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1261701176665337857, Used since the start, 5/16.
Mali - currently used
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Mauritania - currently used
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Mauritius - currently used
The Economic Times, https://economictimes.indiati..d-19/articleshow/75165108.cms, HCQ: India emerges first responder to Mauritius, Seychelles to contain Covid-19, 4/15.
Mexico - currently limited or no use
Mark F. McCarty, https://twitter.com/markfmccarty/status/1270421880697044993, Doctors outside hospitals not allowed to prescribe, 6/9.
El subsecretario de Prevención y Promoción, https://jalisco.quadratin.com..ara-uso-de-hidroxicloroquina/, Not authorized for COVID-19 outside of clinical trials, 5/27.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1281912523470643200, Mexico is anti-HCQ, 7/11.
Government of Mexico, https://www.gob.mx/cofepris/a..-la-poblacion-251030?idiom=es, Actualmente no existe un medicamento eficaz y seguro para la cura del paciente con Covid-19 y tampoco una vacuna para prevenirlo., still claiming no drug is effective, 8/25.
The World, https://www.pri.org/file/2020..-over-unfounded-covid-19-link, Mexico runs out of malaria drugs over unfounded COVID-19 link, 5/27.
Mongolia - current status unknown
Morocco - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Le Nouvel Afrik, https://www.afrik.com/covid-1..nt-plus-en-europe-qu-au-maroc, Covid-19 : pourquoi les Marocains décèdent plus en Europe qu’au Maroc, All COVID patients treated with HCQ as soon as the first symptoms appear. Moroccans more likely to die in Europe than Morocco, 5/5.
The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6.
Morocco World News, https://www.moroccoworldnews...ss-reveals-european-failures/, Moroccan Scientist: Morocco’s Chloroquine Success Reveals European Failures, Zemmouri believes approximately 78% of Europe’s coronavirus-related deaths “could have been avoided” if European countries had applied the “same chloroquine strategy as Morocco.”, 6/22.
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Al-bab, https://al-bab.com/blog/2020/..-chloroquine-despite-concerns, Covid-19: Algeria and Morocco continue using chloroquine despite concerns, 5/28.
The North Africa Post, https://northafricapost.com/4..uine-despite-controversy.html, Morocco continues use of Chloroquine despite controversy, 5/27.
Challenge, https://www.challenge.ma/coro..que-le-maroc-a-reussi-144484/, Coronavirus : ce que le Maroc a réussi, Ignored WHO recommendation, 6/13.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l'hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
Marie94167358, https://twitter.com/Marie94167358/status/1260661671816835082, Fully on HCQ since February, 5/13.
Mozambique - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Netherlands - currently limited or no use
De Limburger, https://www.limburger.nl/cnt/..e-behandeling-coronapatienten, Inspectie: Meijelse huisarts moet stoppen met experimentele behandeling coronapatiënten, doctors will be fined if prescribing HCQ for COVID, 4/8.
AD - Nieuws, https://www.ad.nl/binnenland/..-aan-coronapatient~a0ddaabbd/, Ziekenhuizen gaven massaal omstreden malariamedicijn aan coronapatient, used for hospitalized patients, 5/20.
New Zealand - currently limited or no use
PHARMAC, https://www.pharmac.govt.nz/i../covid-19-hydroxychloroquine/, Effective from Tuesday, 24 March 2020, PHARMAC restricted funded access to this medicine to make sure it is available for patients who need it for its registered indications, 3/24.
Nicaragua - currently used
Agencia EFE, https://www.efe.com/efe/ameri..-de-covid-19/20000013-4288844, Nicaragua will apply hydroxychloroquine donated by India to COVID-19 patients, 7/5.
Niger - currently used
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Nigeria - currently used
Nosa Imagbenikaro, https://twitter.com/nosamagbe/status/1261706460750364672, Everyone diagnosed is treated with HCQ, 5/16.
Vanguard, https://www.vanguardngr.com/2..ine-effective-as-prophylaxis/, COVID-19: Nigerian study finds Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine effective as Prophylaxis, 6/23.
Medical World Nigeria, https://medicalworldnigeria.c..vention-Says-NAFDAC?pid=45479, Chloroquine potent for COVID-19 prevention, says NAFDAC, The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), yesterday, declared that chloroquine prevents the dreaded coronavirus. Its Director General, Prof. Christianah Mojisola Adeyeye, during an online interactive session with journalists said: “We realise that chloroquine can be used in the early stage of the COVID-19 infection as prophylactic treatment. Science does not lie.”, 8/27.
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Pilot News, https://www.westafricanpilotn..rus-at-early-stage-nafdac-dg/, Chloroquine Can Treat Coronavirus at Early Stage – NAFDAC DG, the Director-General of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), Mojisola Adeyeye has said chloroquine is effective for the treatment of COVID-19 at the early stage of infection, 8/26.
Anadolu Agency, https://www.aa.com.tr/en/afri..quine-clinical-trials/1854814, Nigeria goes on with hydroxychloroquine clinical trial, 5/27.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l'hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
The Guardian, https://guardian.ng/news/nige..id-19-prevention-says-nafdac/, Chloroquine potent for COVID-19 prevention, says NAFDAC, 8/26.
Nigeria News World, https://nigerianewsworld.com/..nd-mass-recovery-of-patients/, COVID-19: Jigawa govt reveals secret behind mass recovery of patients, secret behind recoveries is HCQ+AZ+Z, 5/17.
Norway - currently limited or no use
Roger Dyrøy, https://twitter.com/Roger_Dyroy/status/1291663650781048835, Limited since March, 8/7.
Oman - currently used
Sultanate of Oman, Ministry of Health, https://www.moh.gov.om/docume..b-75bb-c83a-32af-4d292a2fb052, Use of HCQ in the context of COVID 19 - risk of QT prolongation and drug/drug interactions, caution advised due to serious and life-threatening adverse events, 4/28.
Pakistan - mixed use currently
Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, https://www.pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4937, A survey regarding prohpylactic use of hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine for COVID-19 among healthcare workers of Pakistan, 8/7.
EduEngineer, https://twitter.com/EduEngineer/status/1307077916191264768, Pakistan has shipped HCQ to at least 25 countries, 9/18.
Vijay Gupta, https://twitter.com/OutOfTheD..ge/status/1314607206575218694, Pakistan is using HCQ, 10/9.
Government of Pakistan, http://covid.gov.pk/new_guide.._COVID-19_infections_1203.pdf, Clinical Management Guidelines for COVID-19 Infections, HCQ not recommended for early or late treatment, 7/2.
OpIndia, https://www.opindia.com/2020/..hloroquine-india-coronavirus/, Pakistan seeks Hydroxychloroquine from India to curb the Coronavirus pandemic, 4/15.
The News, https://www.thenews.com.pk/pr..ts-claims-top-medicine-expert, HCQ tablets proving effective in treatment of COVID-19 patients, claims top medicine expert, trials suspended but some use continues, 6/3.
ARY News, https://arynews.tv/en/corona-..-panel-dexamethasone-actemra/, Experts rule against plasma, Dexamethasone, Actemra as viable COVID-19 cures, all licenses related to stocking and selling of Hydroxychloroquine in Pakistan have been revoked and all human trials to verify its potency have been stopped, 6/22.
Palestine - current status unknown
Panama - currently used
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1280772619034398721, Panama dropped HCQ at the end of May, 7/8.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1295618863535710208, Ban ended around Jul 22, 8/18.
Sistema Estatal de Radio y Televisión, https://sertv.gob.pa/nacionalfm/comunicado-185/, Comunicado #185, "Since the Ministry of Health authorized the use of HCQ and/or AZ as drugs to treat positive COVID-19 patients, a significant decrease in cases of this disease has been noted, said the minister", Luis Francisco Sucre, 8/27.
PanaTimes, https://panatimes.com/proposa..oquine-again-against-covid-19, Proposal is being prepared to use hydroxychloroquine again against COVID-19, group of infectious disease doctors in the front line of battle against Covid-19 signed a proposal for HCQ+AZ for early stage patients, 7/14.
Radio Panamá, https://twitter.com/radiopanama/status/1281691420659679234, Scientific adviser to Panama's President sees no reason to reconsider the negative stance on HCQ, 7/10.
Papua New Guinea - HCQ-like prophylaxis in arriving travelers
Lex Purdy, https://twitter.com/lex83473101/status/1279511762769936385, People take HCQ multiple times a year, 7/4.
Paraguay - currently used
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1259875258678599681, Paraguay goes for hydroxychloroquine, benefits seem to outweigh the risks, 3/23.
Peru - currently limited or no use
La Hora, https://lahora.pe/minsa-anunc..tamiento-para-casos-covid-rv/, Mina anuncia el retiro de hidroxicloroquina en tratamiento para casos covid, HCQ withdrawn, 9/9.
Ministerio de Salud, https://cdn.www.gob.pe/upload../694719/RM_270-2020-MINSA.PDF, Adopting HCQ, 5/8.
Minister of Health, https://rpp.pe/peru/actualida..ia-cientifica-noticia-1270896, Minsa sobre uso de Hidroxicloroquina e Ivermectina: No tenemos tiempo para "esperar evidencia científica", Recommended for use, 6/4.
CNN, https://cnnespanol.cnn.com/20..mo-tratamiento-para-covid-19/, Perú da impulso a hidroxicloroquina e ivermectina como tratamiento para covid-19, Recommended for use, 6/10.
Manuelcv, https://twitter.com/manuelcl10/status/1265632450794979328, Only middle class and high class receiving proper HCQ treatment, 5/27.
Philippines - mixed use currently
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, greater access to HCQ, 7/22.
Poland - current status unknown
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, greater access to HCQ, 7/22.
Poland In, https://polandin.com/47461588..access-to-antirheumatic-drugs, COVID-19 epidemic puts limits on access to anti-rheumatic drugs, access limited for hospitals and quarantined people, 7/4.
Portugal - currently used
ZAP Notícias - Aeiou, https://zap.aeiou.pt/portugal..enda-hidroxicloroquina-328362, Portugal ainda não recomenda uso de hidroxicloroquina, Portugal still does not recommend the use of HCQ, 6/4.
Portual Resident, https://www.portugalresident...nd-use-of-hydroxychloroquine/, , suspended post WHO/Lancet, 5/29.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1258408833640267776, Portugal has less than half the ICU beds per capita of France or Spain and treatment at home quickly became the only option. With HCQ, the death rate was minimized, 5/7.
Qatar - currently used
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487..atus/1263731107578515457?s=20, Qatar health minister says they found HCQ to be highly effective, 5/22.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Republic of Congo - currently used
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Romania - mixed use currently
Radio Europa Liberă, https://romania.europalibera...lor-cu-covid-19/30642931.html, În România, hidroxiclorochina va fi folosită în continuare pentru tratarea pacienților cu COVID-19, Romania continues to use in hospitals, 5/30.
Romanian Ministry of Health, http://www.cnscbt.ro/index.ph..ul-de-tratament-covid-19/file, Treatment protocol, used for light, medium, and severe in hospital, 3/27.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..atus/1270679085161811974?s=20, Romania tackled COVID-19 with hydroxychloroquine, 6/10.
Romania Journal, https://www.romaniajournal.ro..ydroxychloroquine-to-romania/, Sandoz Donates 100.000 Units Hydroxychloroquine To Romania, 4/15.
Russia - currently used
Russian Government, https://static-0.minzdrav.gov..%D0%A0_COVID-19_%28v.9%29.pdf, ВРЕМЕННЫЕ МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПРОФИЛАКТИКА, ДИАГНОСТИКА И ЛЕЧЕНИЕ НОВОЙ КОРОНАВИРУСНОЙ ИНФЕКЦИИ (COVID-19), 9th edition guidelines with HCQ, 10/26.
PledgeTimes, https://pledgetimes.com/russi..or-the-treatment-of-covid-19/, Russian Ministry of Health has updated recommendations for the treatment of COVID-19, HCQ is still recommended, 10/27.
The Moscow Times, https://www.themoscowtimes.co..g-to-treat-coronavirus-a70025, Russia Approves Unproven Malaria Drug to Treat Coronavirus, 4/17.
Russian Government, http://publication.pravo.gov...t/View/0001202004160037#print, Распоряжение Правительства Российской Федерации от 16.04.2020 № 1030-р, 4/16.
The Moscow Times, https://www.themoscowtimes.co..ug-for-coronavirus-bbc-a69877, Moscow Doctors Forced to Self-Test Risky Malaria Drug for Coronavirus – BBC, 4/6.
Gummi Bear, https://twitter.com/gummibear737/status/1279874373046939649, Russian treatment protocol showing HCQ used early, 7/5.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, use not suspended post WHO/Lancet, 6/1.
The BL, https://thebl.com/world-news/..ine-drug-ccp-virus-trump.html, Russia supports the use of hydroxychloroquine, the drug to treat the CCP Virus suggested by Trump, will not follow WHO recommendation, 5/28.
Saudi Arabia - mixed use currently
不 الخالدي, https://twitter.com/cz2556/status/1271129151324422145, Saudi Arabia returns to HCQ, 6/11.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Gummi Bear, https://twitter.com/gummibear737/status/1268180377488756748, Recommended since Mar 3, 6/3.
Abdulaziz Al-Turki, https://twitter.com/3azoz_MD/status/1268701470175703040, Critical cases quadrupled after ban based on WHO, 6/4.
Senegal - currently used
NPR News, https://wfuv.org/content/sene..%80%94-and-their-contacts-too, Senegal pledges a bed for every coronavirus patient, country's treatment plan uses HCQ despite warning from WHO, 5/17.
Teller Report, http://www.tellerreport.com/n..xychloroquine.BJeet4Kst8.html, Coronavirus: a study in Senegal confirms the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine, 5/2.
Africanews, https://www.africanews.com/20..heal-faster-senegalese-medic/, Coronavirus patients on chloroquine heal faster - Senegalese medic, 6/4.
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Medical Xpress, https://medicalxpress.com/new..oroquine-virus-treatment.html, Senegal says hydroxychloroquine virus treatment is promising, 4/2.
Afrik.com, https://www.afrik.com/edouard..ychloroquine-et-le-remdesivir, Edouard Philippe emporté par le Covid, Didier Raoult, l’hydroxychloroquine et le… remdésivir, Follows the Raoult protocol, 7/6.
The Africa Report, https://www.theafricareport.c..ne-from-dakar-to-brazzaville/, Coronavirus: Didier Raoult the African and chloroquine, from Dakar to Brazzaville, 4/15.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Parola et al., https://www.mediterranee-infe..2020/09/COVIDAfricaJOUMII.pdf, COVID-19 in Africa: What else?, letter regarding the large use of CQ derivatives and the relative success of countries using them, 9/11.
Franceinfo, https://www.francetvinfo.fr/m..droxychloroquine_3983239.html, Ces pays africains qui ont décidé de continuer à soigner le Covid-19 avec l'hydroxychloroquine, continue to use after WHO warning, positive results, 5/28.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
Slovenia - current status unknown
Lek, https://lek.si/en/media-room/..droxychloroquine-to-slovenia/, Novartis announces donation of hydroxychloroquine to Slovenia, licensed for severely ill patients, 4/14.
South Africa - currently limited or no use
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Financial Mail, https://www.businesslive.co.z..oquine-to-tackle-coronavirus/, EXCLUSIVE: SA to roll out chloroquine to tackle coronavirus, 3/27.
Vijay Gupta, https://twitter.com/OutOfTheD..ge/status/1303385742672977920, South Africa has banned HCQ, 9/8.
New Frame, https://www.newframe.com/sa-t..ntroversial-drug-chloroquine/, SA to trial controversial drug chloroquine, 6/10.
South Korea - currently used
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Used early, 5/2.
American RN, https://twitter.com/rn_american/status/1272812657142349826, Prohpylactic use, 6/16.
ChloroquineGuerilla, https://twitter.com/Prolongin..id/status/1279874993153662977, Standard of care from the beginning, 7/5.
Businessriz, https://twitter.com/businessriz/status/1261092622312955904, Promoted since January and used for prophylaxis with healthcare workers, 5/14.
Spain - mixed use currently
Newsweek, https://www.newsweek.com/spai..vid-19-health-workers-1497277, Spain Launches Large-scale Study of Hydroxychloroquine and Antiretrovirals to Prevent COVID-19 in Health Workers, 4/10.
Robert McDonald, https://twitter.com/robbymcd1/status/1275152353298087936, Initially not used but started later, 6/22.
Spanish Drug Agency, https://c19study.com/files/spain1.pdf, La AEMPS informa de la distribución controlada de todo el stock de hidroxicloroquina/cloroquina, early treatment was blocked, usage was limited to chronic patients, clinical trials, and those admitted to hospital with pneumonia, 3/23.
Spanish Drug Agency, https://c19study.com/files/spain2.pdf, Fin de distribución controlada de hidroxicloroquina, end of controlled distribution of HCQ, 5/20.
Free News, https://freenews.live/spain-h..trials-of-hydroxychloroquine/, Spain has stopped most clinical trials of hydroxychloroquine, 6/23.
Sri Lanka - mixed use currently
News 1st, https://www.newsfirst.lk/2020..sitive-patients-asymptomatic/, Sri Lanka’s 2/3rd of COVID-19 positive patients “Asymptomatic”, using HCQ, 4/30.
ColomboPage, http://www.colombopage.com/ar..ve_20A/Apr11_1586585742CH.php, India to give 1 million hydroxychloroquine tablets to Sri Lanka, 4/11.
Economynext, https://economynext.com/sri-l..ake-as-preventive-drug-61127/, Sri Lanka ramps up chloroquine output, public warned not to take as preventive drug, warned against prophylactic use, 3/23.
Sweden - currently limited or no use
Breaking News Today, https://www.breakingnewstoday..ng-used-in-swedish-hospitals/, Trump’s “Miracle Drug” Chloroquine No Longer Being Used in Swedish Hospitals, trials canceled, 4/8.
AJMC, https://www.ajmc.com/newsroom..ardiovascular-disease-covid19, Caution Strongly Recommended When Using Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease, COVID-19, clinicians instructed not to use [H]CQ for COVID outside of trials, 4/17.
Kristoffer Stralin, https://www.medrxiv.org/conte..10.1101/2020.10.27.20220061v1, Decline in mortality among hospitalised covid-19 patients in Sweden: a nationwide observational study, HCQ use was stopped by the European Medicines Agency on April 1, 10/27.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, used in the early phases of the pandemic for patients with severe symptoms, but halted in April after the European Medicines Agency recommended it only be used in clinical trials, 6/1.
Henrik Wallen, https://twitter.com/henrikwal..atus/1280439318109184000?s=21, Generally no treatment at all outside hospitals, 7/7.
Switzerland - mixed use currently
É Mo Scél, https://twitter.com/e_scel/status/1262737713725239298, Using since May 1, 5/19.
Thailand - currently used
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, use not suspended post WHO/Lancet, 6/1.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1256949969036214275, Thailand treatment protocol showing HCQ, 5/3.
Tunisia - current status unknown
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, banned, 6/1.
France 24, https://www.france24.com/en/e..ufacturing-hydroxychloroquine, Coronavirus pandemic: Tunisia begins manufacturing hydroxychloroquine, 4/10.
Turkey - currently used
Middle East Eye, https://www.middleeasteye.net..ne-malaria-treatment-progress, Coronavirus: Turkey says hydroxychloroquine dramatically reduces pneumonia cases, used early - "our science board suggested that the drug is really beneficial in the early stages to prevent the spread of the virus in the body", 4/8.
BBC, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-52831017, Coronavirus: How Turkey took control of Covid-19 emergency, "controversially that includes the anti-malarial drug, hydroxychloroquine, as standard", 5/29.
David Stringer, https://twitter.com/davidstri..11/status/1264995116785246210, Everyone testing positive gets HCQ, 5/25.
The Palmer Foundation, https://www.palmerfoundation...loroquine-ministry-of-health/, Turkey: Highest COVID-19 cases and lowest fatalities in middle east, broad use hydrochloroquine – Ministry of Health, “Doctors prescribe hydroxychloroquine to everyone who is tested positive for coronavirus” Dr. Sema Turan, a member of the Turkish government’s coronavirus advisory board, 5/2.
Hydroxychloroquine News, https://twitter.com/niro60487270/status/1256675338853072896, Treating early with HCQ, 5/2.
CBS News, https://www.msn.com/en-au/new..g-touted-by-trump/ar-BB13oMXS, Turkey claims success treating virus with drug touted by Trump, 4/30.
AAPS, https://aapsonline.org/hcq-90-percent-chance/, Hydroxychloroquine Has about 90 Percent Chance of Helping COVID-19 Patients, many nations, including Turkey and India, are protecting medical workers and contacts of infected persons prophylactically, 4/28.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, continue to promote, 6/1.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1257921469914517505, Turkey has adopted early HCQ use, 5/5.
Covid19Crusher, https://twitter.com/Covid19Cr..er/status/1255516638033608710, Gradually adopted early HCQ, 4/29.
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, greater access to HCQ, 7/22.
Luke Mor, https://twitter.com/LukeMor19..10/status/1271442135720615938, Turkey advocates early use, 6/12.
Uganda - currently used
The Independent, https://www.independent.co.ug..droxychloroquine-chloroquine/, Uganda records good results treating COVID with hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, 5/25.
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.
Ukraine - currently used
Ukrinform, https://www.ukrinform.net/rub..own-in-ukraine-on-june-3.html, Ukraine receives batch of hydroxychloroquine tablets from India, received additional shipment, 5/5.
Ministry of Health of Ukraine, https://www.dec.gov.ua/wp-con..20_762_protokol_covid19-f.pdf, ПРОТОКОЛ «НАДАННЯ МЕДИЧНОЇ ДОПОМОГИ ДЛЯ ЛІКУВАННЯ КОРОНАВІРУСНОЇ ХВОРОБИ (COVID-19)» , government treatment protocol showing early use, 4/2.
Ministry of Health of Ukraine, https://moz.gov.ua/uploads/5/..-dn_2106_17_09_2020_dod_1.pdf, «НАДАННЯ МЕДИЧНОЇ ДОПОМОГИ ДЛЯ ЛІКУВАННЯ КОРОНАВІРУСНОЇ ХВОРОБИ (COVID-19), 9/17.
Ministry of Health of Ukraine, https://twitter.com/MoH_Ukraine/status/1248268122332766208, Ukraine will receive an additional 320 thousand tablets with the active substance Hydroxychloroquine for symptomatic treatment of patients with #COVIDー19, 4/9.
United Arab Emirates - currently used
Khaleej Times, https://www.khaleejtimes.com/..-stone-unturned-in-covid-war-, Combating coronavirus: Recoveries rise as UAE leaves no stone unturned in Covid war, 4/12.
Gulf News, https://gulfnews.com/uae/coro..19-in-control-1.1586642381478, Coronavirus patient in Dubai: ‘I feel lucky to be in the UAE, they are doing everything to keep COVID-19 in control...’, 4/11.
Al Arabiya, https://english.alarabiya.net..ients-with-hydroxychloroquine, Coronavirus: UAE says it is successfully treating patients with hydroxychloroquine, 4/12.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, use was not suspended post WHO/Lancet, 6/1.
Government Guidelines, https://www.dha.gov.ae/en/Hea..ines%20FINAL%2018%20March.pdf, 3/18 guidelines recommended HCQ for moderate-severe suspected COVID and all confirmed COVID cases., 3/18.
United Kingdom - currently limited or no use
U.K. Government, https://www.gov.uk/government..oronavirus-covid-19-treatment, Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine not licensed for coronavirus (COVID-19) treatment, use is banned outside of clinical trials, 3/25.
Daily Mail, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/n..despite-doctors-using-it.html, US health regulator approves two malaria drugs as a last resort for coronavirus patients in hospital - but the UK will only let doctors use the promising medications in trials, 3/30.
Ian56, https://twitter.com/Ian56789/status/1272844272769867777, Not used early, blocked almost completely, 6/16.
United States - currently limited or no use
FDA, https://www.fda.gov/drugs/dru..9-outside-hospital-setting-or, FDA cautions against use of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine for COVID-19 outside of the hospital setting or a clinical trial due to risk of heart rhythm problems, 4/24.
The Washington Post, https://www.washingtonpost.co..heart-issues-including-death/, FDA warns about hydroxychloroquine dangers, citing serious heart issues, including death, 4/24.
National Academy for State Health Policy, https://www.nashp.org/wp-cont..ovid-drug-chart-3-27-2020.pdf, State Rules and Recommendations Regarding Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine and Other Drugs Related to COVID-19, 3/27.
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, pharmacists may be prevented from filling HCQ prescriptions, most Americans are unable to obtain HCQ for early treatment, and virtually no Americans are able to access it as preventive medicine, 7/22.
Texas Scorecard, https://texasscorecard.com/st..limited-coronavirus-medicine/, Physician Says Texas Pharmacy Board Limited Coronavirus Medicine, 5/12.
Harvey Risch, MD, PhD, https://www.newsweek.com/key-..tart-using-it-opinion-1519535, The Key to Defeating COVID-19 Already Exists. We Need to Start Using It, doctors have been threatened by medical boards with the chance of losing their license for prescribing HCQ, 7/23.
Uzbekistan - currently used
Republic of Uzbekistan Ministry of Health, https://web.archive.org/web/2..ata/csv/covid19-6-04_08uz.pdf, COVID-19 билан касалланган беморларни даволаш, 4/8.
Venezuela - currently used
Efecto Cocuyo, https://efectococuyo.com/coro..d-19-anuncia-jorge-rodriguez/, Venezuela empieza a usar la cloroquina para tratar COVID-19, anuncia Jorge Rodríguez, used prophylactically, 3/23.
Government of Venezuela, http://www.mpps.gob.ve/index.php/sistemas/descargas, THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT GUIDE FOR COVID-19 PATIENTS AND CONTACTS, 10/15.
AAPS, https://www.prnewswire.com/ne..-surgeons-aaps-301098030.html, More Evidence Presented for Why Hydroxychloroquine Should be Made Available, in a New Court Filing by the AAPS, available OTC, 7/22.
Barron's, https://www.barrons.com/news/..ividing-the-world-01591006809, Hydroxychloroquine: A Drug Dividing The World, used as preventative measure, 6/1.
Zimbabwe - currently used
Belayneh, A., https://www.dovepress.com/off..eviewed-fulltext-article-RRTM, Off-Label Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 Treatment in Africa Against WHO Recommendation, 9/17.

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