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HCQ in vitro study
2008 In Vitro
Kono et al., Antiviral Research, 77:2, February 2008, 150-152, 10.1016/j.antiviral.2007.10.011 (Peer Reviewed) (In Vitro) (not included in the study count)
Inhibition of human coronavirus 229E infection in human epithelial lung cells (L132) by chloroquine: Involvement of p38 MAPK and ERK
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CQ significantly decreased viral replication of HCoV-229E at concentrations lower than in clinical usage. CQ affects the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580, inhibits CPE induced by HCoV-229E infection and viral replication.

Kono et al., 1/1/2008, peer-reviewed, 6 authors.
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